Frequently Asked Questions About Stick Welding

Connect the red and green contactor leads extending from the Control to the spade connectors located next to the wire feed motor; red to wire to the left spade and green wire to the right spade. Connect the black and white contactor leads extending from the WC-1 or Cobramatic to the spade connectors located on the center panel below the wire feed motor. Connect the black and white contactor leads extending from the WC-1 Weld Control or the Cobramatic Cabinet to the 6-Pin metal Pyle-National plug; black to pin 3 and white to pin 5. Open the left side of BetaMig. Splice the red and green contactor leads extending from the Control to the spade connectors below the wire feed motor on the deck trigger connection. Connect the black and white contactor leads extending from the WC-1 or Cobramatic to the 4-Pin plug located below the wire feed motor. Connect the black and white contactor leads from the WC-1 or Cobramatic to the two solid pins on the 4-Pin Amp plug trigger plug.


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YouTube Stick Welding Stick welding is the most common form of arc welding, but creating a good weld may not be easy for the beginner. Unlike wire welding where you basically “point and shoot,” stick welding has a higher skill level and requires mastery of certain techniques. This article will offer tips that you can follow to increase your chances of creating a high quality stick weld – right from the start.

It will also discuss how to troubleshoot problems and correct them. Selecting these steels will make the stick welding process easier since they can be welded at fast speeds with minimum cracking tendencies. If you are welding with low-alloy steels and carbon steels with chemistry compositions above the “normal range”, they will have a tendency to crack, particularly when welding on heavy plate and rigid structures.

Because of this, you should use special precautions.

Old School Stick Welding still Rules. , , anyone

What does it take to build your own welder? You will need to be mechanically inclined. Electrical knowledge helps but is not critical. The main components for stick welding are: A gas or electric motor.

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Yield point,PSI The point in low and medium-carbon steels at which the metal begins to stretch when stress is applied, after which it will not return to its original length. Elongation The percentage, a two inch piece of metal will stretch before it breaks. The impact load required to break a test piece of welded metal.

This test may be performed on metal below room temperature, at which point it is more brittle. Alloy Elements and Their effects on Steel Carbon c As the percentage of carbon increases, the tensile strength increases, the hardness increases, and ductility is reduced. Sulphur S It is usually a contaminant and the percentage should be kept as low as possible, below 0.

As the percentage of carbon increases, Sulphur can cause hot shortness and porosity. Phosphorus P It is usually a contaminant and the percentage should be kept as low as possible. As the percentage of phosphorus increases, it can cause brittleness, reduced shock resistance, and increased cracking. Manganese Mn As the percentage of manganese increases, the tensile strength, hardness, resistance to abrasion, and porosity all increase; hot shortness is reduced.

Silicon Si As the percentage of silicon increases, tensile strength increases, and cracking may increase. Chromium Cr As the percentage of chromium increase, tensile strength, hardness, and corrosion resistance increase, with some decrease in ductility. Nickel Ni As the percentage of nickel increases, tensile strength, toughness, and corrosion resistance increase Molybdenum Mo AS the percentage of molybdenum increases, tensile strength at elevated temperatures and corrosion resistance increase.

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Keep in mind that the right travel speed for your application depends on weld size.

That means for a given watt rating input power you can have higher voltage and lower amperage or lower voltage with higher amperage but the welder can not draw both high voltage and higher amperage at the same time. The output from the welder may be the same but the duty cycle would be lower with the lower voltage and with a volt input the potential output could be higher due to the lower input current requirement.

What you need to do is think in terms of power, not amps. So a 30 amp volt machine will deliver watts of power to the primary of the transformer. A 20a v will do watts. So at the same delivered power the current through the primary will be less and the machine a bit more efficient. Voltage travels much better than amps.

Stick Welding

However, I also know I’ll be using the Ready Welder a lot out on the trail where conditions will be imperfect and the time and tools to conduct proper cleaning and prep will be very limited. So I decided to try some practice beads on dirty, rusty, unprepared steel like this. Using the flux-core wire on this dirty mess When all was said and done, we burned through the one pound spool of wire in fairly short order. In that time, after laying that much weld, the batteries’ voltage dropped from a fully-charged

To start an arc you need to either bump the Tungsten or scratch it.

Basic Tips to Improve Stick Welding Frequently Asked Questions About Stick Welding Whether you’re an experienced welder or just learning to stick weld, these tips and techniques will help improve your welding skills. Stick welding advice for beginners Shellfish can make you a better welder. If you’re just learning the stick process, technically called shielded metal arc welding SMAW , remembering these five points will improve your welding technique.

Before leaping into the how to weld information presented later in this article, take a minute to review the following stick welding advice , especially if you’ve never struck an arc or are still debating which machine to buy. What type of stick welder works best for all-around use? DC welding offers advantages over AC for most stick applications, including: DC reverse polarity electrode positive provides about 10 percent more penetration at a given amperage than AC, while DC straight polarity electrode negative welds thinner metals better.

Does an AC output have any advantages?

How to Set up Welding Equipment

Philip Brown The foundational principles that will help beginners become good stick welders include choosing the correct electrode, properly setting up their power source, and mastering both a consistent work angle and a consistent travel speed. Basic welding principles such as travel speed, travel angle, and work angle are the foundation of good stick welding practices. Shielded metal arc welding SMAW , also known as stick welding, has long been a commonly used process on many job sites for numerous reasons.

It is a relatively trouble-free process that is tolerant of surface and environmental challenges associated with other welding processes, and relatively low-cost equipment can mean a smaller investment.

Fast-fill electrodes are designed to melt quickly so that the welding speed can be maximized, while fast-freeze electrodes supply filler metal that solidifies quickly, making welding in a variety of positions possible by preventing the weld pool from shifting significantly before solidifying.

Ideal solution for dirty or unreliable power. Digital meter for more precise control when presetting or monitoring welding amperage. Portable in the shop or at the job site – at Thermal overload protection – helps prevent machine damage if the duty cycle is exceeded or airflow is blocked. Single amperage range – allows operator to accurately set amperage on both or volt primary power. Low OCV stick is a simple design that reduces the open circuit voltage to 12 – 16 volts when the welding power source is not in use.

This circuit design is now built into the Maxstar S eliminating the need for add-on voltage reducers. Power factor corrected PFC – for optimum performance especially on volts – reduces nuisance breaker tripping. Stick-Stuck detects if the electrode is stuck to the part and turns the welding output off to safely and easily remove the electrode. Superior stick arc performance even on the difficult-to-run electrodes like E Comes complete with Maxstar S stick welder 6. Additional accessories MUST be purchased at the same time as the welder.

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Effect of Arc Voltage. Example Suitcase-Style Wire Feeder. I have a small MIG welder at home.

They’re very similar, but I choose the Airhead because 1 it has a larger liquids tank that you dump less frequently and 2 you can pull the liquids tank out without opening up the solids tank, unlike the Nature’s Head.

In , the consumable metal electrode was invented by Nikolay Slavyanov. Later in , C. Patent , for his arc welding method that utilized a metal electrode. The process, like SMAW, deposited melted electrode metal into the weld as filler. Strohmenger and Oscar Kjellberg released the first coated electrodes. Strohmenger used clay and lime coating to stabilize the arc, while Kjellberg dipped iron wire into mixtures of carbonates and silicates to coat the electrode.

In , the development of an extrusion process reduced the cost of coating electrodes while allowing manufacturers to produce more complex coating mixtures designed for specific applications. In the s, manufacturers introduced iron powder into the flux coating, making it possible to increase the welding speed. Madsen described an automated variation of SMAW, now known as gravity welding. It briefly gained popularity in the s after receiving publicity for its use in Japanese shipyards though today its applications are limited.

Another little used variation of the process, known as firecracker welding , was developed around the same time by George Hafergut in Austria. Due to the large force of energy coupled with the small area of focus, this laser became a powerful heat source for cutting and tooling. The electrode is then pulled back slightly.

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OK, here is what I get I get that the machine can use a 1 phase or 3 phase power source and what that is. I get that I can wire the machine to accept plugs for a regular outlet or or all the above with a twist lock doohicky. I get what a duty cycle is and that the more demand you ask of the power source outlet the less cycle time you get Here is what I dont get What can you do with the dynasty hooked up to an outlet with more power VS a regular outlet besides work longer before having to let the machine cool down?

This allows the electricity to flow from the torch to the work.

It can TIG weld with AC waveforms, including advanced squarewave, soft squarewave, sine wave and triangular wave. It delivers up to amps for welding and includes Auto-Line technology for any input voltage hookup from volts to volts with no manual linking. It is a stand-alone power source that operates the auxiliary cooling system only when needed to reduce noise, energy use and airborne contaminants pulled through the cooler. The Pro-Set feature eliminates guesswork when setting weld parameters for faster set up and easier use.

The Maxstar TIG welding system from Miller Electric is rated up to 1 in thick steel and delivers up to amps of output power and exceptional TIG and stick welding performance for pipe and tube fabrication and other applications, even in adverse environmental conditions. This reduces time spent walking back and forth to the power supply to make changes, improving productivity and reducing slip, trip and fall hazards.

Weighing just 55 lb, this portable machine is suitable for the shop or jobsite for applications including shipbuilding, construction, precision fabrication, heavy fabrication, pipe and tube fabrication, and maintenance and repair. The machine offers superior arc performance and the ability to TIG weld with AC waveforms, including advanced squarewave, soft squarewave, sine wave and triangular wave. This provides convenience for any job setting and is ideal for applications where there is dirty or unreliable power.

Arc Welding Setup & Strike

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